Comparative Studies in Public Administration
[Lecture Course Basic Information]
|Course Periods:||Thursday, 14:45-16:15|
|Whether mandatory or not:||
|Outline of Lecture Course||
“Public Administration” or “Government Activities” are closely related to our daily life. From the time we are born, there is no moment in our contemporary life in which we are not involved with government affairs. Government, such as executive branches at the central and local levels, consist of various aspects, such as bureaucracy, organization, public management and public policy. How do these aspects affect and shape the world we live in? How do we distinguish the executive system / public administration from the legislative system and the judicial system? What is public administration?
Turning our eyes to the comparative perspective, Japanese bureaucracy was well-known for its strong administrative state over both politics and the market until 1990s, based on a strong economy. However, these characteristics are stereotypes. In addition, they have changed over time through the several reforms. What has changed?
The course consists of 1 weekly student presentation regarding the readings, and lectures in which I will present on public administration and public policy issues in Japan based on the readings, such as from textbooks, papers, and book chapters, and student discussions that I will facilitate. Questions and discussions comparing your own country and Japan on each topic are strongly encouraged.
I'd like to focus more on policy issues this fiscal year.
This course has several purposes: (1) to learn about administrative theory in general, in terms of institutional theory, public management and public policy, (2) to know more about the development of the Japanese administrative state and bureaucracy, and how these work, (3) to discuss current issues corresponding to institutional reform, such as the 2001 central government restructuring, NPM, decentralization and electoral reform, among others.
Michael Howlett, 2019. Designing Public Policies (Routledge Textbooks in Policy Studies), Routledge,2nd Edition.
I will upload the syllabus and the reading list,a part of which are updated every year, in our first class. All readings in the syllabus are required unless marked as optional. The readings and related materials can be found on the NUCT or Canvas (which I show you later) site for the course. We also highly recommend reading a national newspaper regarding Japanese public policy (the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Los Angeles Times, the Daily Yomiuri, and the Nikkei Asian Review, among others) so that you are aware of public policy development in Japan that emerge this semester.
|Course Materials/Supplementaries||Please see above.|
Grades will be earned on the basis of five components: class presentation (40%) class participation (20%), and final presentation and papers (altogether 40%).
Note: Different criteria according to the program in which you are enrolled (ex. G30 program, NUPACE, etc.) will be used for grading.
(20%) Class Participation:The class participation grade is based on participation and attendance in the class.
(40%) Class Presentation:At the beginning of each class, there will be a 10-minute student presentation of the reading materials. Once or Twice presentations during the semester are required. (It depends on the participants of the class).
(40%) Final Presentation and Papers (5-6 pages, single-spaced):
Each student will be required to write a final research paper and given a 15-minute presentation on a topic of interest related to issues in the course.
Two points are noted: First, this course addresses theories generated in Japan and the U.S. and which have evolved over time. Public administration studies were born in the U.S. in the 19th century. Public Administration in Japan was significantly affected by U.S. studies, especially administrative theory, organizational theory and bureaucratic politics in the U.S., although the reality of the democratic system and the challenges are very different. As a result, Japanese public administration theory has developed from two directions, namely the theoretical and the practical: it mainly imported U.S. theory, on the other hand, the challenge surrounding government affairs in Japan has been tackled apart from theory. However, theory has evolved and diverged by incorporating other social sciences, such as theoretical research and empirical research since the 1990s.
Second, this course sometimes refers to political science, sociology, management, public law and public finance due to the fact that these studies are also related to public bureaucratic organizations. However, these are not exhaustively examined in consideration time constraints. Please review the related materials on your own and do not hesitate to ask questions.
Please note that electronic devices (laptops, tablets, phones) are not allowed in class. Studies show that the use of electronic devices in class degrades the comprehension and performance not only of the student using the device but also of the surrounding students. My aim is to create a space where our attention can be focused upon the lecture, the readings, the themes with which we are engaged, and the ensuing discussions. I will also make slides available at NUCT the day prior to class so that you can print them if you wish for better note taking. You should bring copies of the course texts with you to class and please take notes on paper.
|Lecture||Theme||Lecture Course Description||Learning outside the class||Related page|
|1||How Administrative Government Evolved||
Introduction: How to study Public Administration and bureaucracy in Japan
|2||How Administrative Government Evolved||
Expanding Public Services: The Development of Administrative State, Welfare State, New Public Management (NPM) and Government Restructuring.
|3||How Administrative Government Evolved||
The Executives, Agency and Civil Service System based on the Parliamentary System
|4||How Administrative Government Evolved||
Intergovernmental System: Decentralization
|5||How Administrative Government Evolved||
Local Governance: Local Autonomy and Local Executives in Prefectures and Municipalities based on the Presidential System
|6||Public Policy and Bureaucratic Behaviors||
Policymaking: Agenda Setting and Rulemaking
|7||Public Policy and Bureaucratic Behaviors||
Policy Implementation: Frontline Workers and Red Tape
|8||Public Policy and Bureaucratic Behaviors||
Policy Design and Regulation, Deregulation versus Capture Theory
|9||Internal Control over Bureaucracy||
Bureaucratic Performance, Bureaucratic Capacity and Public Service Motivation
|10||Internal Control over Bureaucracy||
|11||Internal Control over Bureaucracy||
Human Resource Management
|12||Internal Control over Bureaucracy||
Planning, Evaluation and Accountability
External Control over Bureaucracy
|Controlled outside of Bureaucracy: Constitutional Oversight by the Courts, the Pressure by Interest Groups, and Inter-organizational Networks|
|14||External Control over Bureaucracy||
Interaction with Citizens: Participation, Public Referendum, Social Movements, and Representative Bureaucracy.
Wrap up and Group Presentation: TBD
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